Gas sensing technologies
SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TESTING FOR A GAS LEAK THROUGH A GAS FLOW COMPONENT
Methods and systems of testing for a gas leak between an inlet zone and an outlet zone of a gas flow component in a shut state are provided. Different tracer and carrier gases are used. The carrier gas is circulated through the outlet zone of the gas flow component to purge the tracer gas from this outlet zone. A spectroscopic emission from the carrier gas indicative of an amount of the purged tracer gas is monitored. A test flow of the tracer gas is introduced in the inlet zone of the gas flow component, and the inlet pressure is increased for successive pressure increments. The presence of a gas leak is determined upon detecting an intensity step variation in the monitored spectroscopic emission following one of the pressure increments in the inlet pressure.
MULTI-MODE PLASMA-BASED OPTICAL EMISSION GAS DETECTOR
A plasma-based detector using optical spectroscopic techniques for analysing the constituents of gas samples are provided. The detector includes a plasma-generating mechanism and a plasma-localizing mechanism. Electron-injecting electrodes may be provided in the plasma chamber of the detector. A Pressure control mechanism as well as a doping module may optionally be included. In accordance with some implementations, the collection, detection and analysis of light extracted from the plasma may enable one or more of various operation modes, such as an emission mode, an absorption mode, and indirect detection mode or a constant emission mode.
DISCHARGE-BASED PHOTO IONISATION DETECTOR FOR USE WITH A GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY SYSTEM
A discharge-based photo ionisation detector (PID) for use with gas chromatography systems is provided. The PID includes a discharge zone in which a plasma can be generated, resulting in the emission of energetic photons. The PID further includes an ionisation zone in which the gas sample to be analysed is bombarded by the photons created in the discharge zone, photo ionising the impurities in the gas sample. The generated current is measured in order to measure the concentration of impurities in the gas sample. Plasma localizing of the plasma in the discharge zone and optical monitoring of the emission from the plasma in the discharge zone may be provided. Methods using such a PID with a split input from a chromatography column or with inputs from two different chromatography columns are provided.
An emission-based detector for use in conjunction with capillary chromatography or other applications involving a gas sample having a small volume is provided. The detector is based on optical emission from a plasma medium. An optical cartridge or other detection and/or processing means may be provided to receive and analyse the emitted radiation and thereby obtain information on the gas to be analysed. The emission-based detector includes a gas inlet, a gas outlet and a capillary channel which is in fluid communication with the gas inlet and gas outlet. The capillary channel acts as the plasma chamber. Preferably, the capillary channel has transversal dimensions of the same order as the cross-section of typical chromatography capillary columns and defines a winding path within the detection area. A multi-cell emission-based detector and a method of analysing a gas sample using multiple detection cells are also provided.
EMISSION-BASED DETECTOR FOR CAPILLARY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY
ELECTRIC DISCHARGE-BASED DETECTOR AND METHODS USING THE SAME FOR MEASURING AND MONITORING PROPERTIES OF A GAS
Signal processing technologies
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ANALYSING A GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY ELUTION PEAK
Valves and fittings technologies
BALL VALVE WITH LOAD VARYING MECHANISM, AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME
A ball valve is provided. The ball valve includes at least one load varying mechanism provided in the static body assembly. The load varying mechanism includes a biasing member pressing one of the ball seat seals against the outer surface of the ball of the ball valve with a variable sealing load force applied on the ball, toward the ball and coaxial with the direction of the fluid. The load varying mechanism also includes a movable member operatively connected to a cam and to the biasing member, a rotation of the cam translating the movable member coaxially to the direction of the fluid, in order to variably load the biasing member toward or away from the ball, based on the different positions of the ball.
An improved tting assembly for analytical devices is provided. The fitting assembly includes a tube securable to a fitting component via rear and front ferrules and a nut. The fitting component includes a body having a cavity for receiving the tube and ferrules. The body also includes a channel connecting the cavity to a leak chamber defined in a space between the tube, the fitting component and the inner sidewall of the nut body, the leak chamber being in fluid communication with the exterior of the nut body via the channel in the nut body. Sealing elements are provided between the tube and nut for encouraging leaks to flow through the leak path. A method for detecting leaks in the fitting assembly is also provided.
FITTING ASSEMBLY FOR ANALTICAL APPLICATIONS
A method for extending useful life of a sorbent for purifying a gas by sorption of an impurity is provided. The method generating a electrical discharge within the gas to obtain a spectral emission representative of a concentration of the impurity. The method also includes monitoring the concentration of the impurity according to the spectral emission. The method also includes lowering the concentration of the impurity by conversion of at least a portion of the impurity into a secondary impurity having a greater a nity to the sorbent than the impurity. The method also includes comparing the concentration of the impurity to a polluting concentration and managing the sorption of the gas onto the sorbent according to the comparison.
Gas purification technologies
End of Life Technology